5 Facts About Education in Morocco
Morocco has to develop and frequently improve on solidifying the education system in the recent past. The education system in the country is controlled by the Ministry of National Education, and the Ministry of Higher Education and Executive Training. The Government had to allocate about 26% of the annual budget for education. This is in a bid to transform the sector in order to bridge the gap in quality and the standard of education, as well as make it more accessible to all the citizens in the country.
Below are some 5 facts about the education system in the country:
1. In Morocco, the school curriculum is divided into three parts. For the pre-school level, which is compulsory and readily available, children from ages 4-6 are enrolled in either a kindergarten or Quranic school. For the primary level, children from ages 6 are enrolled for 6 years before enrollment to lower secondary. The secondary and tertiary levels run for 3 years each. The academic year usually runs from around September to June.
2. Knowledge and learning in Morocco are measured through literacy levels; the capability to read and write. These two are essential in passing on to the next level as well as achieving high scores on national tests. There has been a considerable improvement in literacy levels, with the country registering a 95% literacy rate for persons between age 15-24. This is an increase from 81.5% in 2011. The literacy level for the country falls at almost 52%; 30.4% for women and girls and 64.1% for men and boys. The illiteracy levels of the rural population, especially women, are estimated at 75-83%.
3. For the gross rate of enrollment for all levels of education, i.e. primary, secondary and tertiary, the highest percentage is dominated by men. It is clearly displayed on the UNESCO chart for enrollment in secondary schools that 10.8% more men than women were enrolled in 2012. The difference gap in enrollment levels for tertiary and primary education has reduced significantly over the last few years.
4. The quality of education in Morocco is significantly low as can be derived from numerous performance charts and indicators. From studies conducted with the participation of 36 countries in 2011, the test results from the country revealed that Morocco ranks last in reading and second to last in math. Morocco also ranks in the thirtieth percentile in terms of learning as compared to other countries.
5. Morocco has seen a considerable increase in the amount of public spending on education in the recent past. It is shown by the OCP Policy Center report that the spending by the government in 2014 was 5.9% of the GDP and 21.3% of total spending by the government. The payments and spending are set to increase by 5% each year. From the IMF, confirmation states that if the money is spent in an organized manner, it is likely to increase the standardized national test scores by 53%.